TIP SHEET

Speech and Language Delays: The Evaluation Process

Your child’s cognitive, behavioral, and social development depends on his or her speech and language development. Because of this, it is important to address any early signs of delay in your child’s language development as soon as you notice them. 

AGE 3 & UNDER
NYC Early Intervention Program, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene

 At this stage, your child’s evaluation will include: 

  • Cognitive skills 
  • Communication 
  • Social and emotional development 
  • Adaptive and self-help skills 
  • Physical/motor development

(Parent interviews and medical evaluation are also conducted at this stage.)

 AGE 2 1/2 - 4 1/2
Committee on Preschool Special Education (CPSE), NYC Dept. of Education (NYCDOE)

At this stage, your child’s evaluation will include: 

  • Parent interview to determine social history 
  • Psychological evaluation 
  • Observation of your child 
  • Medical evaluation 

Communication/speech and language, occupational therapy, physiscal therapy, and/or an educational assessment testing, as required.

 AGE 4 1/2 - 21
Committee on Special Education (CSE),* NYCDOE

At this stage, your child’s evaluation will include: 

  • Parent interview to determine social history 
  • Psychological and educational evaluation 
  • Observation of your child 
  • Medical evaluation/ review of records 

Communication/speech and language, occupational therapy, physiscal therapy, assisitive technology, and/or a functional behavior assessment testing, as required.

*The school-based IEP team fulfills this role for NYC public school students.
CATEGORY
Learning and School, Preschool and younger, Special education, Parenting and Advocacy, Advocacy, Behavior and bullying, Your young person's disability
Download PDF